# Category Archives: Code / Graphics

## Dimensionality reduction for image and texture set compression

In this blog post I am going to describe some of my past investigations on reducing the number of channels in textures / texture sets automatically and generally – without assuming anything about texture contents other than correspondence to some … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 17 Comments

## “Optimizing” blue noise dithering – backpropagation through Fourier transform and sorting

Introduction This will be a blog post that is second in an (unanticipated) series on interesting uses of the JAX numpy autodifferentiation library, as well as an extra post in my very old post series on dithering in games and … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 8 Comments

## Bilinear texture filtering – artifacts, alternatives, and frequency domain analysis

In this post we will look at one of the staples of real-time computer graphics – bilinear texture filtering. To catch your interest, I will start with focusing on something that is often referred to as “bilinear artifacts”, trapezoid/star-shaped artifact … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 12 Comments

## Using JAX, numpy, and optimization techniques to improve separable image filters

In today’s blog post I will look at two topics: how to use JAX (“hyped” new Python ML / autodifferentiation library), and a basic application that is follow-up to my previous blog post on using SVD for low-rank approximations and … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 11 Comments

## Separate your filters! Separability, SVD and low-rank approximation of 2D image processing filters

In this blog post, I explore separable convolutional image filters: how can we check if a 2D filter is separable, and how to compute separable approximations to any arbitrary 2D filter represented in a numerical / matrix form using SVD. Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 15 Comments

## Analyze your own activity data using Google Takeout – music listening stats example

The goal of this post is to show how to download our own data stored and used by internet services to generate personalized stats / charts like below and will show step-by-step how to do it using colab, Python, pandas, … Continue reading

## Local linear models and guided filtering – an alternative to bilateral filter

Intro In this blog post I am going to describe an alternative tool for the graphics and image processing programmers’ toolbox – guided filtering. Guided filtering is a really handy tool that I learned about from my coworkers, and I … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 7 Comments

## How (not) to test graphics algorithms

Intro Siggraph 2019 is sadly over, but as always I came back super inspired and grateful for meeting many friends.  Conferences are mostly not about seeing the presentations – but about all the interesting and inspiring discussions, and one of … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 4 Comments

## Checkerboard rendering, rotated anti-aliasing and grid frequencies

This post is inspired by three interesting statements or questions that I heard and are interconnected by non-obvious theory: First was regarding so called checkerboard rendering (example1 example2) – what is advantage of using it? After all it’s the same as … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 5 Comments

## Tech and scientific writing – graphics, diagram and graph creation tools

Few days ago, I asked a question on twitter: https://twitter.com/BartWronsk/status/919618905319997440 “What is industry/academic standard for diagrams in tech writing? PowerPoint/GoogleDocs diagrams? Dedicated tool like Visio/Dia? Procedural? I usually use first, but far from satisfied…For proc tried SVG,JS,Graphviz,even Mathematica, but results … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 3 Comments

## Separable disk-like depth of field

This is a short note accompanying shadertoy: https://www.shadertoy.com/view/lsBBWy . It is direct implementation of “Circularly symmetric convolution and lens blur” by Olli Niemitalo (no innovation on my side, just a toy implementation) and got inspired by Kleber Garcia’s Siggraph 2017 presentation “Circular … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 2 Comments

## Cull that cone! Improved cone/spotlight visibility tests for tiled and clustered lighting

In this blog post, I will present some common spotlight culling techniques and propose one small improvement that is able to correct results of cheap, tiled / clustered culling on the CPU/GPU with almost negligible ALU cost. If you know … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 9 Comments

## Small float formats – R11G11B10F precision

While this post is not yet dithering related, it is in a way a part of my series about dithering. You can check index of all parts here or check the previous part. I will talk here about use of … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 10 Comments

## Dithering part three – real world 2D quantization dithering

In previous two parts of this blog post mini-series I described basic uses mentioned blue noise definition, referenced/presented 2 techniques of generating blue noise and one of many general purpose high-frequency low-discrepancy sampling sequences. In this post, we will look … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 7 Comments

## Dithering part two – golden ratio sequence, blue noise and highpass-and-remap

In previous part of the mini-series I covered dithering definition and how dithering changes error characteristics of simple 1D quantization and functions. In this part I will try to look at what blue noise is, but first wanted to have a … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 11 Comments

## Dithering part one – simple quantization

Introduction First part of this mini-series will focus on more theoretical side of dithering -some history and applying it for 1D signals and to quantization. I will try to do some frequency analysis of errors of quantization and how dithering … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 2 Comments

## Dithering in games – mini series

This an opening post of mini blog post series about various uses of dithering for quantization and sampling in video games. It is something most of us use intuitively in every day work, so wanted to write down some of … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 9 Comments

## Short names are short

Intro This blog post is a counter-argument and response to a post by Bob Nystrom that got very popular few months ago and was often re-shared. I disagree so much that I thought it’s worth sharing my opinion on this topic. … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 1 Comment

## Image dynamic range

Intro This post is a second part of my mini-series about dynamic range in games. In this part I would like to talk a bit about dynamic range, contrast/gamma and viewing conditions. You can find the other post in the series here and … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics | | 13 Comments

## Localized tonemapping – is global exposure and global tonemapping operator enough for video games?

In this blog post, I wanted to address something that I was thinking about for many years – since starting working on rendering in video games and with HDR workflows and having experience with various photographic techniques. For the title … Continue reading

Posted in Code / Graphics, Travel / Photography | | 19 Comments